Chemistry Key Stage 4 Syllabus (National Curriculum England)

Chemistry is the science of the composition, structure, properties and reactions of matter, understood in terms of atoms, atomic particles and the way they are arranged and link together. It is concerned with the synthesis, formulation, analysis and characteristic properties of substances and materials of all kinds.

Students should be helped to appreciate the achievements of chemistry in showing how the complex and diverse phenomena of both the natural and man-made worlds can be described in terms of a number of key ideas which are of universal application, and which can be illustrated in the separate topics set out below.

These ideas include:

  • matter is composed of tiny particles called atoms and there are about 100 different naturally-occurring types of atoms called elements
  • elements show periodic relationships in their chemical and physical properties
  • these periodic properties can be explained in terms of the atomic structure of the elements
  • atoms bond either by transferring electrons from one atom to another or by sharing electrons
  • the shapes of molecules (groups of atoms bonded together) and the way giant structures are arranged is of great importance in terms of the way they behave
  • reactions can occur when molecules collide and do so at different rates due to differences in molecular collisions
  • chemical reactions take place in only three different ways:
  • proton transfer
  • electron transfer
  • electron sharing
  • energy is conserved in chemical reactions so can therefore be neither created nor destroyed.
Chemistry Key Stage 4 Syllabus (National Curriculum England)
Chemistry Key Stage 4 Syllabus (National Curriculum England)

Students should be taught about:

Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table

Structure, bonding and the properties of matter

Chemical changes

Energy changes in chemistry

Rate and extent of chemical change

Chemical analysis

Chemical and allied industries

Earth and atmospheric science

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References

National Curriculum for England, Department for Education, UK

About Author

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Jyoti Bashyal

Jyoti Bashyal, a graduate of the Central Department of Chemistry, is an avid explorer of the molecular realm. Fueled by her fascination with chemical reactions and natural compounds, she navigates her field's complexities with precision and passion. Outside the lab, Jyoti is dedicated to making science accessible to all. She aspires to deepen audiences' understanding of the wonders of various scientific subjects and their impact on the world by sharing them with a wide range of readers through her writing.

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